subscribe to the RSS Feed

Monday, December 22, 2014

Is It an Option? Part 3

Posted by William on July 3, 2012

To understand how this works, let’s backtrack. First of all, the prostate is a walnut-sized gland located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. Part of a man’s reproductive system, it makes and stores seminal fluid (one of the ingredients in semen). Hormones are the fuel that powers the prostate. The main male hormone, testosterone, is produced by the testicles and in smaller amounts by the adrenal glands.

Prostate abnormalities are detected with two tests. During a digital rectal exam, the doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to feel for hard or lumpy areas. A blood test measures the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels present. The acceptable PSA range is 0 to 4, and levels may rise in men who have prostate cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) — an abnormal growth of benign cells in the prostate — or an infection in the prostate.

Other tests may be ordered. If it’s indicated, the doctor will do a biopsy — remove tissue samples from the prostate, usually with a needle. A pathologist looks at the samples under a microscope and if cancer is detected, it is graded and — using the Gleason system — assigned a score of 1 to 10. The lower the score, the lower the likelihood it will grow and spread.

Cancer is then assigned a stage — an indication of the extent of the disease — with a Roman numeral of I to IV.

For some people, ordering prescriptions online presents advantages not affordable from a regional pharmacy, like the better convenience and wide assortment of products, etc.

Comments are closed.

home | top